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Understanding Persona Jurídica Characteristics, Types, and Legal Rights





Understanding Persona Jurídica Characteristics, Types, and Legal Rights

In legal terms, a persona jurídica refers to an entity recognized by the law as having rights, obligations, and responsibilities separate from those of its individual members. Commonly known as a “legal entity” or “juridical person,” a persona jurídica can be a fundamental concept in various legal systems around the world. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of persona jurídica, including its characteristics, types, legal rights, and other crucial aspects.

Characteristics of a Persona Jurídica

A persona jurídica possesses several key characteristics that distinguish it from an individual person. Firstly, it has a legal existence independent of its members, enabling it to enter into contracts, own property, and engage in legal proceedings. Secondly, a persona jurídica has perpetual succession, meaning it can continue to exist despite changes in its membership. Additionally, it has limited liability, protecting its members from personal financial responsibility for the entity’s debts and obligations.

To illustrate these characteristics, consider the example of a corporation. As a persona jurídica, a corporation can enter into contracts on behalf of the business, own assets, and assume liabilities. If the corporation faces financial difficulties or legal issues, the personal assets of its shareholders are generally shielded from being used to satisfy the company’s debts. This separation of liabilities is one of the primary advantages of a persona jurídica.

Types of Persona Jurídica

There are various types of persona jurídica, each with its own unique features and purposes. The most common types include:

  1. Corporations: Corporations are separate legal entities owned by shareholders. They provide limited liability to their shareholders and can issue stocks to raise capital.
  1. Partnerships: Partnerships involve two or more individuals who jointly operate a business. There are different types of partnerships, including general partnerships (where all partners share both profits and liabilities) and limited partnerships (comprised of general and limited partners with varying degrees of liability).
  1. Limited Liability Companies (LLCs): LLCs combine the characteristics of corporations and partnerships. They offer limited liability to their members, while also allowing for flexible management structures and pass-through taxation.
















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Thủ Thuật Windows

Nếu như trong quá trình bạn tải file Active về mà bị thông báo là "tệp chứa virus" và bị xóa thì hãy làm theo các bước sau trước khi tải về nhé:

Bước 1: Tắt Windows Defender (Win 10), bạn hãy làm theo các bước này để tắt Defender tạm thời nhé, sau khi Active xong, bạn có thể bật lại:
1. Mở ứng dụng Settings.
2. Trên cửa sổ Settings, bạn tìm và click chọn Update & security.
3. Tiếp theo click chọn Windows Defender.
4. Chuyển trạng thái tùy chọn Real-time protection sang OFF.

Bước 2: Ngoài ra, Nếu trong quá trình tải về mà bạn dùng trình duyệt Chrome hay Cốc Cốc thì sau khi file tải xong không được bấm "Hủy" mà bạn nên bấm tổ hợp phím “Ctrl + J” để vào phần quản trị download, tìm đến file mà bạn tải rồi click vào ô “Khôi phục tệp…” nhé.

Có một số trường hợp file Active tải về mặc định bị xóa, nếu gặp trường hợp này bạn cần chắc chắn rằng Windows Defender hay phần mềm diệt virus trên máy đã được tắt. Sau đó bạn bấm “Ctrl +J“, tại link tải active mà bạn vừa tải về đã bị xóa, bạn hãy click vào đó để trình duyệt tải lại một lần nữa và lần này là sẽ thành công.

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